Comorbidity among axis II diagnoses was common. Subjects met the criteria for an average of 2.4 personality disorder diagnoses (SD=1.6). The subjects with borderline personality disorder were more likely than those without borderline personality disorder to meet the criteria for histrionic (29.2% versus 5.6%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (30.6% versus 15.7%; ? 2 =5.59, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.5% versus 3.7%; ? 2 =4.98, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with paranoid personality disorder were more likely than those without paranoid personality disorder to meet the criteria for schizotypal (49.2% versus 20.5%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (33.3% versus 15.4%; ? 2 =7.77, df=1, p=0.005), histrionic (23.5% versus 10.3%; ? 2 =5.90, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.7% versus 4.3%; ? 2 =4.34, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with borderline personality disorder had a higher number of personality disorder diagnoses (other than borderline personality disorder) than subjects without borderline personality disorder (mean=2.3 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–2.35, df=178, p=0.02). Subjects with paranoid personality disorder also had a higher number of personality disorders (other than paranoid personality disorder) than subjects without paranoid personality disorder (mean=2.5 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–3.44, df=178, p=0.001).
Traumatization within the Youngsters or Adolescence
Desk 2 shows the latest incidence out of exposure to upheaval throughout the childhood/adolescence inside the sufferers which have and you will instead borderline identification infection. Victims which have borderline character infection had somewhat large pricing out-of bodily discipline in teens/puberty than just subjects instead borderline character illness kostenlose glutenfreie Dating fÃ¼r Erwachsene, having gender regulated (52.8% versus 34.3%; ? dos =5.43, df=step 1, p=0.02), but the communities don’t differ within cost regarding intimate discipline (30.2% instead of 19.4%; ? dos =step one.46, df=1, p=0.23) or out of other sorts of trauma for the teens/puberty.
Subjects which have paranoid identity disorder and additionally got a considerably higher rate off physical abuse inside youthfulness/adolescence than simply subjects instead of paranoid character diseases, that have intercourse regulated (54.0% in place of thirty five.0%; ? dos =5.70, df=step 1, p=0.02). 4% instead of 22.2%; ? 2 =0.23, df=1, p=0.63) or from other kinds of stress inside youthfulness/puberty. The new connections out-of youngsters/adolescent bodily punishment with borderline identity disease sufficient reason for paranoid character infection was basically and looked at by using all the almost every other character problems diagnoses because even more covariates, while the overall performance was basically mathematically comparable.
Victims having antisocial character problems were likely to be than those without antisocial character ailment having started bereaved during the childhood (53.8% instead of 21.0%; ? 2 =eight.67, df=step 1, p=0.006). Nothing of your other sorts of personality ailment are notably and you will positively regarding the sexual abuse, physical discipline, or any of the other types of injury inside childhood/puberty.
Injury in Adulthood
The newest rates of contact with traumatization for the adulthood inside the sufferers having and instead of borderline identity disorder also are found inside the Table dos. Borderline character disease wasn’t notably regarding the bodily assault, sexual violence, or any other version of shock within the adulthood, as we grow old and you will gender controlled. Subjects that have paranoid personality disorder was in fact way more probably than others in place of paranoid character disorder having knowledgeable bodily violence inside adulthood, with age and intercourse regulated (33.0% versus 17.9%; ? dos =cuatro.84, df=step 1, p=0.03). People with paranoid identity diseases together with had large rates regarding accidents/injury (63.5% in the place of 47.0%; ? dos =cuatro.86, df=step one, p=0.03) and combat (9.5% in the place of step 1.7%; ? 2 =6.forty-eight, df=step 1, p=0.01) as opposed to those without having any disease, nevertheless these distinctions weren’t statistically extreme following effects of several comparisons was basically managed. Not one of one’s other sorts of identity problems try notably associated having whichever shock from inside the adulthood.
Prevalence out-of PTSD
New life frequency regarding PTSD in this selection of subjects are 17.8% (N=32). The new rates out-of PTSD in women (19.0%, N=12) and people (17.1%, N=20) were not somewhat different (? dos =0.eleven, df=1, p=0.74). PTSD try popular within the victims which have paranoid (29%) and you can borderline (25%) character sickness, and least common when you look at the subjects which have narcissistic (10%) and you can passive aggressive (12%) personality diseases. To the remaining version of character disease, the brand new prevalence of PTSD varied regarding 14% in order to 18%. Victims that have and you will as opposed to PTSD did not disagree within total level of character disease diagnoses (mean=2.5, SD=1.2, as opposed to indicate=dos.cuatro, SD=step one.6; t=–0.36, df=178, p=0.72).